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The major maritime trade routes of the Bengal Sultanate

The major maritime trade routes of the Bengal Sultanate | Photo from Wikipedia

Bangladesh’s Economic Ascent: A Journey from 1971 to 2024

In over five decades, Bangladesh has transformed from a nascent nation into a formidable economic force. This article delves into the statistical journey of Bangladesh’s economy, tracing its growth and global ranking from its independence in 1971 to 2024.

The major maritime trade routes of the Bengal Sultanate | Photo from Economy of Bangladesh – Wikipedia

The Early Years: 1971-1990

Post-independence, Bangladesh faced immense challenges. With a GDP of merely $6.29 billion in 1972, the country embarked on a journey of economic reconstruction. The focus was primarily on agriculture, which laid the foundation for future growth.

The Era of Steady Growth: 1991-2010

The ’90s marked the beginning of Bangladesh’s steady economic ascent. The country’s GDP saw a consistent rise by liberalizing trade and investing in human capital. In 1991, the GDP stood at $30.96 billion; by 2010, it had almost quadrupled to $115.28 billion.

The Acceleration: 2011-2024

The last decade has been particularly remarkable for Bangladesh. The nation’s GDP soared to $460.20 billion in 2022, a testament to its robust economic policies and the burgeoning garment industry. In 2024, Bangladesh’s GDP is estimated at $455 billion, with a GDP per capita of $2,646.

Bangladesh’s Global Economic Ranking

From being one of the world’s poorest nations in 1971, Bangladesh has climbed the economic ladder to become the 35th largest economy globally in 2024. This leap is not just a number but a narrative of resilience and strategic growth.

Construction of Padma Bridge, which opened in 2022 | Photo from Economy of Bangladesh – Wikipedia

The Future Outlook

As one of the world’s fastest-growing economies over the past decade, Bangladesh is set to become the world’s 24th-largest economy within the next 12 years. With a young workforce and a strategic location, the country is poised for continued economic success.

In conclusion, Bangladesh’s economic journey since 1971 is a story of triumph over adversity. The statistics speak volumes of its resilience and potential, promising a future that’s as vibrant as its past has been resilient.


  1. Bangladesh GDP 1960-2024 | MacroTrends
  2. Economy of Bangladesh – Wikipedia
  3. Economic Potential Bangladesh – BBC
  4. Bangladesh Economy Ranking: by GDP and 60 other indicators –
  5. GDP per capita, 1950 to 2020 – Our World in Data
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